Diagnostic & Operative Laparoscopy/Pelviscopy
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses a thin lighted tube through a small incision in the belly to inspect the female pelvic organs. Specifically, laparoscopy is used to perform both minor and complex procedures within the pelvis to examine the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes and to assess the overall state of the pelvis without a large incision as in “open” abdominal surgeries.
Laparoscopy is a relatively safe procedure. It is usually performed under general anesthesia by your gynecologist in the operating room of a hospital or in an outpatient surgery center. Most women go home the same day.
Laparoscopy allows your physician to:
- Diagnose and treat conditions that have been associated with infertility such as endometriosis, adhesions (scarring), ovarian cysts, tubal damage, fibroids and infections
- Identify and possibly treat conditions that may be causing pelvic pain
- Identify and treat an ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus)
Advantages of a laparoscopy compared with other more invasive procedures are:
- Smaller incisions compared to “open” abdominal surgery
- Shorter hospital stay
- Shorter recovery time
- Less pain after surgery
Although the risk of a complication is small, laparoscopy can cause bleeding, infection and injury to bowel, bladder and blood vessels.