Intrauterine insemination (IUI) or artificial insemination refers to the process of inserting a dense sample of high-quality, fast-moving sperm directly into the uterus at the height of ovulation.
Intrauterine Insemination is Useful For Couples With:
- Male infertility
- When male erection or ejaculation are problematic (sexual dysfunction)
- Unexplained infertility in combination with fertility drugs
- Intrauterine insemination is also an excellent method for achieving pregnancy for non-partnered women opting for donor insemination
IUI is a simple office procedure that is done quickly and without the need for sedation. It essentially works by facilitating sperm in reaching the reproductive tract at the time of ovulation. The sperm used in insemination has to be prepared or “washed” through a procedure that extracts the sperm from the seminal fluid or semen.
The likelihood of success with IUI is dependent on the quality of the sperm used for insemination, with better results achieved in men with better sperm quality. Success with IUI is also affected by other coexisting female infertility factors such as the age of the female partner and the condition of the partner’s reproductive tract, and whether or not fertility medications are used in the female partner.