Treatment Series: In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization is often viewed as a complex and intimidating treatment. While there are some difficult to understand aspects of the treatment, a little bit of knowledge can go a long way.

Through this treatment series, we take a look at some of the basic concepts of in vitro fertilization while also answering some of the most common questions.

What is In Vitro Fertilization?

The first question our series will answer is also the most essential: What is in vitro fertilization?

In vitro fertilization is a multi-step treatment designed to result in conception. The treatment is specifically designed for women that experience infertility.

While the full IVF process involves multiple steps, the core component consists of eggs being collected from a female’s ovaries, fertilized by a male’s sperm, and then implanted into a female’s uterus.

Beyond this common element, each step of the IVF process can vary based on the unique details of each situation.

IVF Process: Step-by-Step

Even though the IVF process can change based on individual factors, many of the steps in the process remain the same.

Listed below are the common steps involved in the in vitro fertilization process.

Ovary Stimulation

The first step of IVF involves preparing the eggs for fertilization. This step is often referred to as ovary or ovarian stimulation. Over a period of 10-12 days, the ovaries are stimulated in preparation for the next steps. Once the eggs are confirmed to be ready for retrieval, the next step can take place.

Egg Retrieval

When ready, eggs are extracted through a routine, outpatient procedure. The patient is placed under light sedation alongside the supervision of a licensed anesthesiologist. Eggs are carefully removed and quickly transferred to the connected IVF lab where they are then ready for the next phase. At our fertility clinic in Melbourne, Florida, the entire procedure is completed within 30 minutes in our comfortable and welcoming outpatient facility.

Sperm Collection

At the same time that the extracted eggs are undergoing examination in the embryology laboratory, the sperm to be used for fertilization is collected. This can either be from a live specimen from the patient’s partner or a frozen specimen from the partner or other donor.


Arguably, the “main event” of IVF, fertilization can now occur within a strictly supervised laboratory setting. This step can involve one individual sperm being inseminated to each egg or thousands of sperm. Different factors, including quality of the donor’s sperm.

Embryo Monitor and Transfer

Fertilized eggs are regularly monitored over the next few days to validate embryo development. Once development is confirmed (typically on day 5 post-fertilization), one or two healthy embryos are transferred to the patient through a simple in-office procedure that doesn’t require sedation. A pregnancy test confirming the success of the fertilization and transfer is completed after 12 days.


An optional step in the process, cryopreservation is available if there are any remaining embryos of acceptable quality. If so, the patient is given the option to store these for future use.

In Vitro Fertilization Success Rate

The success rate of in vitro fertilization is a highly discussed topic in the overall IVF conversation.

According to CDC’s 2018 data on Assisted Reproductive Technology (which IVF is included in), the success rate is approximately 24%.

This number can seem discouraging on the surface, so it’s worth noting some key points.

  1. This success rate includes all ART procedures, not just IVF
  2. The CDC collected this data from over 400 participating fertility clinics. Each clinic has their own unique success rate
  3. This success rate doesn’t take into consideration the individual factors of each treatment situation or patient. It is a broad number representing the entire eligible group.

To get a true gauge of success chances for IVF, it’s best to consult with a fertility professional like the ones you’ll find at or IVF clinic in Melbourne, Florida.

IVF Treatment in Melbourne, Florida

Whether you’re ready to explore receiving in vitro fertilization treatment or you still have more questions, we’re ready to help you. Our IVF clinic in Melbourne, Florida contains state-of-the-art resources and technology which we put to work for you.

Beyond our advanced technology and equipment, our staff is committed to providing compassionate and honest care every step of the way. Every member of our team considers your unique needs in order to identify your appropriate treatment.

Contact our team when you’re ready to take the next steps in your IVF journey.